In 2016, the unadjusted gender pay gap stood at just over 16% in the European Union (EU). In other words,
women earned on average 84 cents for every euro a man makes per hour. Across Member States, the gender pay
gap in 2016 ranged from just over 5% in Romania and Italy, to more than 25% in Estonia, followed by the Czech
Republic and Germany (both almost 22%).
On the occasion of International Women’s Day, celebrated each year on 8 March, Eurostat, the statistical office
of the European Union, publishes an article on gender pay gap statistics. This News Release only shows a small
part of the large amount of gender based data available at Eurostat.
Lowest gender pay gap in Romania and Italy, largest in Estonia.
The gender pay gap in the EU Member States, in 2016, was less than 10% in Romania (5.2%), Italy (5.3%),
Luxembourg (5.5%), Belgium (6.1%), Poland (7.2%), Slovenia (7.8%) and Croatia (8.7%, data for 2014).
Conversely, the gender pay gap was over 20% in Estonia (25.3%), the Czech Republic (21.8%), Germany
(21.5%), the United Kingdom (21.0%) and Austria (20.1%).
Compared with 2011, the gender pay gap has dropped in most of the EU Member States. The most noticeable
decreases between 2011 and 2016 were recorded in Romania (-4.4 percentage points – pp), Hungary (-4.0 pp)
Spain and Austria (both -3.4 pp), Belgium (-3.3 pp) and the Netherlands (-3.0 pp). In contrast, the gender pay
gap has risen between 2011 and 2016 in ten Member States, with the most significant increases being observed in
Portugal (+4.6 pp) and Slovenia (+4.5 pp). At EU level, the gender pay gap has decreased slightly, by 0.6 pp,
from 16.8% in 2011 to 16.2% in 2016.