The resident population in Portugal at 31 December 2015 was estimated at 10,341,330 persons, i.e. 33,492 less than the population estimated at 31 December 2014. This results in a negative crude rate of increase of -0.32%, which reflected joint negative natural change and net migration. The number of deaths and live births increased, and a negative natural increase was maintained (-23,011). Notwithstanding an increase in the estimated number of immigrants and a decline in the number of emigrants, there continued to be a negative net migration (-10,481).