Brussels, July 10 (Lusa) – Last year, Portugal recorded the second lowest birth rate among the 28 European Union (EU) member states and was one of the countries whose population declined, according to the first population estimates published on Monday by Eurostat.
According to data from the official EU statistics office, in 2016 Portugal had about 87,000 births – a rate of 8.4 births per 1,000 inhabitants, the second weakest rate in the EU, just ahead of Italy, with a death rate of 10.8 per 1,000 inhabitants), with its total population declining from 10.341 million on 1 January, 2016 to 10.309 million on 1 January, 2017, representing exactly 2% of the population of the EU.
Eurostat noted there was an increase in the EU population from 510.3 million on 1 January 2016 to 511.8 million on 1 January 2017, but recorded the same number of births and deaths (5.1 million), which means that the natural variation of the population of the EU was neutral and the positive demographic variation of more than 1.5 million inhabitants is due to the migratory balance.
Germany is the most populous Member State, followed by France, (67 million), the United Kingdom (65.8 million), Italy, (60.6 million), Spain (46.5 million) and Poland (38 million).
Overall, the population increased throughout 2016 in 18 Member States and fell in 10 others, with the highest birth rates recorded in Ireland (13.5 per 1,000 population), Sweden and the United Kingdom (both 11.8) and the lowest in the southern countries: Italy and Portugal are followed by Greece (8.6) and Spain (8.7).
ACC/CA // CA
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