Portugal: Fraud has increased in country in past year, 81% tell researchers

Page created: Friday, 2 June 2017 9:20 GMT


Porto, June 1 (Lusa) – More than 80% of people in Portugal believe that corruption and other forms of fraud have increased in the past year, with around half the population blaming the situation on what they view as an inefficient system of justice, a study presented on Thursday concludes.

Based on a representative sample made up of 1,007 individuals, the Index of Perception of Fraud in Portugal drawn up by the Observatory of Fraud Economy and Management (OBEGEF) of the Economy Faculty of the University of Porto indicates that 81% of those questioned “feel that, in general terms, fraud increased or increased a lot in the last year”.

Among the types of fraud considered to be major (3.8 on a scale of 1 to 5 in which 5 means ‘major’) are giving and receiving bribes, and tax fraud. The perception of an increase in fraud is greater for giving and receiving bribes than for other types.

The study also indicates that woman have a greater perception of fraud than men, with housewives the category in which this perception is at its greatest, while students are the category where it is the least.

By region, Portuguese living in the interior and south of the country have a greater perception of fraud, against residents in the coastal North and Centre.

Among those questioned, about half perceived the effectiveness of the justice system in combatting fraud as small (33%) or medium (29%). A majority took the view that the media have given more coverage to fraud, with 58% saying it had increased somewhat and 13% that it had increased a lot in the past year.

In terms of their own personal experience, 18% said that they had been a victim of fraudulent proceedings, while 21% said they were not aware of any such phenomenon.