In 2015, 19.0% of Portuguese population had an income below the poverty threshold
The risk of poverty and social exclusion fell by 1.5 pp in 2016 over the previous year. The population most affected by the risk of poverty are those under 18, women and the unemployed. In 2015, Portugal registered a percentage of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion above the European average.
The population at risk of poverty or social exclusion is evaluated by an indicator that combines the concepts of risk of relative poverty and that of severe material deprivation with that of a very low labour intensity.
According to the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SIC) published by INE – Statistics Portugal, approximately 2 595 000 residents in Portugal (25.1% of the population) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2016, representing a reduction of 1.5 pp over the previous year. From the total number of people in poverty or social exclusion, 487 000 (18.8%) were under 18 years old and 468 000 (18%) were 65 years of age or older.
This document published by INE also contains information on the income and living conditions of Portuguese families relative to 2015.
According to the INE, the available median equivalent monetary disposable income of the total population was set at 8 782 euros, while for the population at risk of poverty stood at 3 865 euros, a figure that has been increasing since 2014, after having decreased between 2010 and 2013
According to the INE, the risk-of-poverty line stood at 5 269 euros in 2015, corresponding to 439 euros per month. In 2015, 19.0% of Portuguese residents had a monthly income below the poverty line, rising to 46.1% (44.1% for men and 48% for women) when not considering the effects of all social transfers. The segments of the population most affected by the risk of poverty are those under 18 years old with 22.4%; women with 19.6%, and the unemployed with 42.0%. In the segment of the employed population, the rate was set at 10.9%, remaining unchanged compared to 2014.
Compared with the other European Union countries, Portugal had the eleventh highest percentage of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion in 2015 and was the tenth country that reduced the most the indicator when compared to 2014.
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